This category contains 9 posts

9) Psychological therapies – Behavioural therapies and CBT

There are two types of psychological therapy used to treat schizophrenia, behavioural therapy and cognitive therapy. Behavioural therapy This treatment is based upon operant conditioning, the idea that we learn through reward and punishment. By giving ‘tokens’ to patients who show socially desirable behaviour the schizophrenics are rewarded for behaving normally. The aim is that … Continue reading

8) Psychological Therapies – Psychoanalysis

The therapies used within the psychodynamic approach are based upon the assumption that the patient isn’t aware of the repressed issues in their subconscious. The aim of the therapies is too remove these memories from the subconscious into the conscious, where they won’t cause problems anymore. This can be done in several ways: Ink blot … Continue reading

7) Socio-cultural factors effecting schizophrenia

Many psychologists agree that there are several factors outside of the patient’s wellbeing that can affect the risk of schizophrenia. These include: life events, family relationships and labelling theory. Life events Stress can have a major effect on the risk somebody is at from schizophrenia. We are unsure of why and how stress can increase … Continue reading

6) Psychological explanations of Schizophrenia

There are two explanations which can be placed under the umbrella term of ‘psychological explanations’, the psychodynamic and cognitive approaches. The psychodynamic explanation Freud believed that schizophrenia is caused by issues in the sub-conscious mind of the schizophrenic. If someone experiences something particularly harsh they may regress to a childlike state, before the ego was … Continue reading

5) Biological Treatments – ECT

Electroconvulsive therapy, or ECT, is the usage of electrodes to pass electricity through the brain. The aim of this treatment is too create a small seizure, which hopes to shock the part of the brain which is malfunctioning, fixing it so it works correctly. A patient will normally have between 3 and 15 treatment We … Continue reading

4) Biological Treatment – Drug Therapy

Treatments based upon the biological approach aim to fix the biological problems in the brain. There are two main types of biological treatment: drug therapy and ECT. Drug Therapy Drug therapy is largely based upon the dopamine hypothesis. Conventional antipsychotics aim to reduce the positive symptoms of schizophrenia. These drugs bind to the dopamine receptors, … Continue reading

3) Biological explanations of schizophrenia

There are several different explanations for the disorder schizophrenia. One of these explanations is the biological model. This model explains schizophrenia through biological faults, for example viral infections and brain abnormalities. Genetic Factors Some psychologists say that schizophrenia can be passed down generations, meaning that some people inherit the disorder from their parents. Twin research … Continue reading

2) Classification of Schizophrenia

The DSM-IV is the 4th version of the ‘Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders’. It contains a list of mental health disorders, for example, Dementia, Asperger’s Disorder and Autism. From the DSM-IV a professional will aim to give a reliable and valid diagnosis of whether a patient is mentally ill, and if so, what … Continue reading

1) Introduction to schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder affecting between 0.5% to 1% of people in Britain. People can become schizophrenic suddenly (known as “acute”) or gradually over time (known as chronic). There is no difference between male and female rates of schizophrenia, however, females tend to develop it 4 of 5 years later than men. There are a … Continue reading