Schizophrenia is a mental disorder affecting between 0.5% to 1% of people in Britain. People can become schizophrenic suddenly (known as “acute”) or gradually over time (known as chronic). There is no difference between male and female rates of schizophrenia, however, females tend to develop it 4 of 5 years later than men.
There are a range of symptoms a schizophrenic might experience, from hallucinations to social withdrawal, and delusions to serious fatigue. All the symptoms can be categorised into two types:
1) Type 1 symptoms are positive, meaning the patient experience or feel something that doesn’t exist. Hallucinations and delusions are both examples of positive symptoms.
2) Type 2 symptoms are negative symptoms. This is where people behaviour differently to what is considered normal. For example, stunted emotions, unresponsiveness and depression.