There are two main approaches to dealing with stress; problem-focused and emotion-focused coping.
These are strategies that attempt to deal with the problem as the root cause of stress.
Examples of this include, taking control of the situation and looking at several different ways of dealing with the stressors.
Many psychologists agree that problem-focused coping is the better option, as long as the problem can realistically be dealt with.
This is the use of strategies that aim to reduce the emotional distress caused by stressors. This includes, positive thinking and focusing on and venting emotions.
People would normally use emotion-based coping when the stressors are too great to really overcome, so it would be better to “limit the damage” and deal with the emotions affected.